제 2 조 (목적) 본회는 불타의 근본이념을 실천 수행하고 삼보를 수호하며 경천애인지 사상을 구현하며 불법을 대중에게 홍보하고 불조의 지혜의 광명을 이어가며 신도 상호간에 협력하여 친목과 유대관계를 도모하고 마하선원의 불사에 물심양면으로 적극 협조함에 그 목적이 있다.
제 3 조 (소재) 본회는 뉴욕 롱아일랜드 마하선원 내에 둔다.
제 2 장 회원
제 4 조 (회원의 자격) 회원은 재적신도로서 회칙에 명시된 권리와 의무를 이행할 수 불자로 한다.
제 5 조 (회원의 권리와 의무)
1. 회원은 발언권, 결의권, 선거권, 피선거권을 가지며 회비부담과
회칙준수의 의무가 있다.
2. 회원은 마하선원과 본회를 내외적으로 보호할 의무가 있다.
3. 회원은 마하선원이 주관하는 모든 불사와 본회가 시행하는 모든
행사와 회의에 참석할 권리가 있다.
4. 회원은 신행을 돈독히 하여 불법을 널리 포교할 의무가 있다.
제 3 장 임원
제 6 조 (임원) 본회의 임원은 회장1인, 부회장 2인. (남, 여), 감사 1인, 다수의
고문 및 각 부서의 담당자로 한다.
제 7 조 (임원의 선출 및 임기)
1. 회장, 부회장, 감사는 전체회의에서 선출하며 임기는 1년으로 하되
1회 연임이 가능하다.
2. 선거방법은 보통, 직접, 비밀선거에 의하며 동표 일 때는 연장자
3. 상기 임원 중 결원이 생길 때에는 임원회의에서 과반수 찬성으로
보선할 수있다. 단 피선된 임원의 임기는 전임자의 잔여기간으로 한다.
4. 각 부서의 장은 회장과 부회장의 임명에 의해 그 직무를 수행한다.
제 8 조 (임원의 의무)
1. 회장 : 본 신도회를 대표하며 회칙을 준수하고 삼보를 외호하고 본원의
발전과 회원의 친목우애를 다지는 행사에 솔선수범 한다.
2. 부회장 : 회장을 보좌하며 회장 유고 시는 수석부회장이 회장보선이
이루어질 때까지 상기의 회장직무를 대행한다.
3, 총 무: 신도회의의 제반 업무를 담당하며, 신도 화합에 앞장선다.
4, 회 계: 마하선원의 회계 업무를 관장하며, 총회 시 제정 보고를 할
5. 감사 : 모든 부서의 제반활동 및 재정회계의 집행 등에 종합적인
6. 고문 : 신도회의 제반 활동상황에 필요한 조언과 자문에 응한다.
7. 부서장 : 각 부서의 해당업무를 관장 수행한다.
제 4 장 회의
제 9 조 (전체회의)
1. 전체회의는 매해 3월중으로 하되 회장이 이를 소집한다.
2. 임시회의는 1/3이상의 재적회원의 요청이 있거나 회장의 요청이 있을
시 회장이 이를 소집한다.
3. 전체회의는 재적회원 과반수 출석에 출석회원 과반수 찬성으로
4. 회의 소집은 통상 1주전에 공고하거나 통지하여야 한다.
제 10 조 (전체회의 의결사항)
1. 임원의 선출
2. 예산 및 결산승인
3. 회칙의 제정 및 개정
4. 회비의 사정
5. 사업계획 심의 및 승인
6. 기타 중요한 사항
제 11 조 (임원회의)
1. 임원회의는 제 6조에서 규정한 임원으로 구성된다.
2. 임원회의의 의장은 회장이 되며 회장 유고 시는 수석부회장이 한다.
3. 정기 임원회의는 분기별로 (3, 6, 9, 12월 마지막 일요일)로 한다.
4. 임시 임원회의는 재직임원의 1/3이상의 요청이 있거나 회장의 요구가
있을 시 의장이 이를 소집한다.
5. 임원회의는 재적 과반수의 출석과 출석인원 과반수의 찬성으로
제 12 조 (임원회의 의결사항)
1. 사업계획 및 시행
2. 예산편성 및 결산보고
3. 각종행사 계획 및 진행
4. 전체회의에 제출할 중요한 사항
5. 전체회의에서 위촉받은 사항
6. 기타 중요업무에 관한 사항
제 5 장 부서
제 13 조 (부서의 설치 및 명칭)
본회는 회의 운영상 총무, 조직, 포교, 사업, 재무, 봉사, 홍보, 기획, 회계,
교육, 사무, 청년 부를 두되 필요할 경우 전체 회의의 의결을 거쳐 부서의
개설, 통합, 폐지를 할 수 있다.
제 14 조 (부서장의 위촉)
각 부서장은 회장단의 협의를 거쳐 회장이 임명하며 각 부서마다
부장1인, 차장1인 및 다수의 부원을 둘 수 있다.
제 15 조 (업무분담)
각 부서의 담당업무는 다음과 같다.
1. 총무부 : 회장과 긴밀한 연락을 가지며 각종 사업의 계획, 추진, 집행의
총체적인 책임을 지고 그 업무를 수행한다.
2. 조직부 : 회원의 연령별, 지역별 조직의 구성 및 신규불자관리 업무를
수행하며 구성된 조직의 추가 또는 축소할 수 있으며
신도회 및 마하선원의 인적자원 관리에 다각적이고 함축적인
3. 기획부 : 본회활동의 총체적인 년간, 월간 계획수립 및 각 부서의
4. 재무부 : 재무에 관한 총체적인 계획수립 및 구매 업무 등을 관장한다.
5. 포교부 : 불법을 널리 홍보하고 신도들의 신앙생활에 도움이 되는
제반사항을 수집 배포한다.
6. 사업부 : 전체회의 및 임원회의에서 결정된 제반사업의 실천 및 대외
활동사업과 회원의 권익증진 및 복지에 관한 사업을 관장하고
필요에 따라 수익 사업을 집행할 수 있다.
7. 교육부 : 각종 대 내외적인 교육사업을 담당하며 신도교육 및
8. 구도부 : 본회의 업무중 주로 내부적인 관리업무와 봉사활동,
생활신앙에 관련된 제반사항을 관장한다.
9. 홍보부 : 본회 및 마하선원의 제반사업에 대한 매스컴 및 지역사회에의
홍보 선전활동 업무 등 불교와 불자의 위상 및 이미지
확립작업에 역점을 둔다.
10. 회계부 : 예산 및 결산보고서의 작성과 금전출납에 관한 사항을
11. 사무부 : 본회의 일반업무, 비품관리와 문서처리 및 전산업무 기타
타부서에 속하지 않은 사항을 관장한다.
12. 청년부 : 청년회원들의 우호 증진과 청년법회를 통하여 수행하며,
청소년과 어린이 법회를 관장하며, 마하선원의 행사 전반의
제 6 장 재정
제 17 조 (재원) 본회의 재원은 회원 및 임원의 정규회비 및 특별찬조금으로 충당한다.
제 18 조 (회계년도) 본회의 회계연도는 매년 1월1일 개시하며 당 년 12월31일로
제 19 조 (잉여금) 당년도의 잉여금은 익년으로 인계되며 당 년에 모두 지출함을
원칙으로 삼지 않는다.
제 7 장 사업
제 20 조 (사업) 본회는 불법을 선양하기 위해 다음과 같은 사업을 한다.
1. 삼보 수호에 관한 사업
2. 신도 포교에 관한 사업
3. 신도 교육에 관한 사업
4. 마하선원 불사에 관한 사업
5. 한국불교 전통문화에 관한 사업
6. 동포사회의 권익증진과 복지에 관한 사업
7. 기타 수행에 필요한 사업
제 8 장 조직
제 21 조 (조직) 본회의 조직은 마하선원의 신도들로 구성되며 산하에 지역별,
연령별, 기타 필요에 따른 모임 등의 조직체를 둘 수 있으며
모든 조직체는 신도회칙에 따라야 한다.
제 9 장 상벌
제 22조 (상여)
회장은 다음의 경우에 임원회의의 결의와 주지의 요청으로서 상여 또는
표창장을 줄 수 있다.
1. 본회의 활동분야에서 현저한 공로가 있는 불자.
2. 신심이 돈독하고 타 회원의 모범이 되며 포교와 교화사업에 지대한
공로가 있는 불자
3. 회원으로서 신행이 투철하고 본회의 명예를 크게 선양한자.
4. 기타 상여할 수 있다고 인정되는 자
제 23 조 (벌칙)
회장은 다음의 경우에 임원회의의 결의와 주지의 요청으로서 징계처분을
가할 수 있다.
1. 삼보를 비방한 자
2. 본회의 명예를 크게 훼손한 자
3. 본회의 화합을 깨트린 자
4. 기타 징계처분을 할 수 있다고 인정되는 자
5. 징계구분은 대중공사를 통해 피선거권 또는 자격정지, 공개참회,
사찰 출입금지로 한다.
제 10 장 부칙
제 24 조 (전체회의의 권한위임)
천재지변 기타 부득이한 사정으로 인하여 전체회의를 개최할 수 없을
때는 전체 회의의 권한을 다음 회의 개최 시까지 임원회의에 위임한다.
제 25 조 (회칙개정) 본 회칙은 전체회의에서 개정하되 임원회의에서 작성 심의하여
전체 회의에 상정한다.
제 26 조 (회칙발효) 본 회칙은 전체회의의 승인을 얻어 공포일로부터 발효한다.
제 27 조 (임원 구성표) 회장단 및 임원 구성 표와 명단은 별첨에 명기한다.
제 28 조 (회비) 임원의 회비는 임원회의의 결정에 따라 별첨에 명기한다.
이 회칙은 제정 날자로 부터 실효된다.
마하선원 신도 회칙 이상.
MAHA BUDDHIST ZEN TEMPLE BYLAWS
The Maha Buddhist Zen Temple is an American Zen Buddhist Sangha committed to fostering awakening to inner freedom and true happiness for all.
Name and Office
Section 1 The name of the Corporation is “Maha Buddhist Zen Temple”, hereinafter referred to as the "Maha Temple" or “the Temple.”
Section 2 The principal office of the Maha Temple is located at 337 Jericho Turnpike, Old Westbury, New York, USA.
Section 3 The Maha Temple is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under the Nonprofit Corporation Law of the State of New York, which is qualified as tax exempt under section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code or corresponding section of any future federal tax code for the purpose as stated in the Article II.
The purpose of the Maha Temple is to support and promote the study of Mahayana Buddhism in its religious, philosophical, cultural, historical, and educational aspects, and to support and promote the practice of Zen Buddhist in the USA.
Anyone who believes in Mahayana Buddhism and agrees with purpose of the organization. All persons desiring to join this organization should apply for a membership and meet with one of our staff members. Members shall attend the regular religious service at least once every three months under normal circumstances and participate in the activities conducted by the Temple.
Board of Directors
Section 1 General Powers The affairs of the Maha Temple shall be managed by Board of Directors.
Section 2 Number The Board of Directors (BODs) shall be Three or may be expanded by the direction of the President. The BODs consist of; 1) President, 2) Vice President, 3) Secretary, and 4) Treasurer.
Section 3 Qualifications The Board of Directors shall be members in good standing of the Temple and may be subject to such other qualifications as the Board may prescribe, including the signing of and abiding by a confidentiality statement. The BODs shall contribute to the Temple through their work on behalf of the Temple, their financial support, and their professional skills. Only fully ordained Jogye order monks may serve in the position of the President. No two people who are relatives by blood or marriage shall serve on the Board simultaneously.
Section 4 Election and Replacement of Officers and Directors. Board Officers and Board Directors shall be elected by the recommendation of the President and the approval of the eligible Temple members at the annual meeting. Only the President can recommend the Vice President and Secretary. The approval of the Board officers and Board of directors shall be determined by majority rule. Once appointed, the directors are tenured positions. If an Officer or Director resigns, dies, or is removed before the end of his/her term, a special Governance Committee meeting shall take place at which a candidate is presented for the Board’s approval to fill out the term of the departed Director.
Section 5 Term of Office and Term Limit The President of the Board of Directors will continue his/her terms without limitation and the Board members shall elect new President when the position is vacated. Each Officer shall hold the office for three years or until his/her successor shall have been duly elected. An Officer shall not hold the same position for more than three consecutive terms.
Section 6 Removal and Assignment of the Board of Directors The President may be removed for cause only by the decision of the East Regional Jogye Order of North America Inc. Other members of the Board may be removed for cause by the action of the President.
Section 7 Resignation A Director may resign at any time by submitting a written notice to the President and Secretary. The President shall appoint a replacement.
Section 8 Quorum of Directors A majority of the entire Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business or of any specified item of business.
Section 9 Meetings The Board meetings maybe held at the office of the Corporation and all meetings shall be presided by the President.
Officers The officers of the Temple shall consist of the Abbot, President, Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary. A single person may hold two or more of these offices with the exception that the offices of President and Treasurer cannot be held by the same person. Officers must be members of the Board of Directors during the entire term of their office.
1. President The President shall preside over all meetings and the annual meeting of the Foundation: S/he shall, in general, supervise and control all of the business and affairs of the nonprofit; and s/he shall be responsible for reporting to the Temple, as required, on the activities and operation of the Temple.
2. Vice President The Vice-President shall be vested with all the powers, and required to perform all the duties of the President in the absence of the President or in event of his/her inability or refusal to act, and when so acting, shall have all the powers of and be subject to all the restrictions of the President. The Vice- President shall perform such other duties from time to time as may be assigned to him/her by the President or the Board of Directors.
3. Secretary The Secretary shall keep the minutes of the annual meeting and meetings of the Board of Directors, see that all notices are duly given in accordance with the provisions of these Bylaws, be custodian of the Temple’s records, and in general perform all duties incident to the office of Secretary.
4. Treasurer The Treasurer shall have charge and custody of and be responsible for all funds and securities of the Temple, and shall be responsible for providing the nonprofit with all financial and accounting data required of the Temple.
Section 1 Regular Meetings Regular meetings of the Board shall be held quarterly. By resolution, the Board may specify the date, time and place for the holding of regular meetings without notice other than such resolution.
Section 2 Special Meetings Special meetings of the Board designated and appointed by the Board may be called by any two BODs. The person or persons authorized to call special meetings may fix any place either within or without the state of New York, as the place for holding any special Board or committee meeting called by them.
Section 3 Notice of Special Meetings Notice of special Board meetings shall be given to the President in writing or by personal communication with the President not less than five days before the meeting. Notice may also be sent by e-mail, so long as return confirmation is received, the record of which the Secretary or designated person shall maintain and verify. Notices in writing may be delivered or mailed to the President at her or his address shown on the records of the Temple. Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of any special meeting, need be specified in the notice of such meeting. If notice is delivered by mail, the notice shall be deemed effective when deposited in the official government mail properly addressed with postage thereon prepaid.
Section 4 Teleconference Meetings Members of the Board may participate in a meeting by means of a tele-conference call or similar communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other at the same time. Participation by such means shall constitute presence in person at a meeting.
Section 6 Quorum One-half of the number of BODs fixed by or in the manner provided by these Bylaws shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any Board meeting. If a quorum is not present at a meeting, a majority of the BODs present may adjourn the meeting without further notice.
Section 7 Action by the Board Without a Meeting Any action which could be taken at a meeting of the Board may be taken without a meeting if a written consent setting forth the action so taken is signed by each of the Directors. Such written consents may be signed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall be deemed an original and all of which, taken together, shall constitute one and the same document. Any such written consent shall be inserted in the minutes record as the equivalent of action taken in a Board meeting.
Section 8 Resignation. Any BOD may resign at any time by delivering written notice to the President or the Secretary or by giving oral or written notice at any meeting of the BODs. Any such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein, or if the time is not specified, upon delivery thereof and, unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.
Section 9 Removal. At a meeting of the Board called expressly for that purpose, one or more Directors may be removed from office, with or without cause, by a two-thirds majority vote at a meeting of Directors at which a quorum is present.
Section 10 Vacancies A vacancy in the position of Director may be filled by the two-thirds majority vote of the remaining Directors. An Interim Director who fills a vacancy shall serve for the unexpired term of her or his predecessor in office.
Section 11 No Compensation Reimbursement for Expenses. The BODs shall receive no compensation for their service as a Board member but may receive reimbursement for expenditures properly and reasonably incurred on behalf of the Temple.
ABBOT AND SUCCESSION
Section 1 The Abbot: Position and Lineage The Abbot and Head Teacher of the temple shall be the leader and spiritual director of the Temple. He/she shall be trained and fully ordained Jogye order to serve in the position of the Abbot. The Abbot shall nourish the spiritual life of the temple by teaching, by representing the temple at Buddhist conferences and public events, by maintaining a regular schedule of the Temple, by supervising the administration of the temple in conjunction with other members of the Board of Directors, and by advising the Board of Directors on the needs of the Temple. The Abbot of the Temple shall serve as leader and spiritual director until s/he dies, resigns, is ruled unfit to carry out his/her functions, or becomes incapacitated.
Section 2 Removal. In order for the Abbot of the Temple to be involuntarily declared unfit to carry out his or her functions or incapacitated, a Special Meeting must be called and there must be a two-thirds vote of the members of the Board of Directors currently in office, with the exception of the Abbot.
Section 3 Succession. The Abbot shall provide for a succession of leadership. Succession of leadership shall be to a fully ordained Jogye order monks by the current Abbot and ratified by a two-thirds vote of the Board. A written document naming this successor and new Abbot shall be safeguarded in the safety deposit box of the Maha Temple with a duplicate in the personal files of the Abbot, along with her/his Last Will and Testament. If the Abbot passes away, or becomes functionally disabled, or commits misconduct, or for any other sound reason is deemed by two-thirds of the Board to be unable to fulfill the duties of the Abbot, the East Regional Jogye Order of North America, Inc. will be informed and then an ordained advanced practitioner currently or previously associated with the Maha temple who has been named by the Abbot or by a two-thirds majority of the Board as a candidate for succession shall complete her or his training for eventual authorization as a Abbot. This incumbent shall be fully supported and guided by the Board of Directors during her or his further training.
The BODs may establish Committees, with the approval of a two thirds majority of the BODs, such committees become necessary for carrying on the business of the Temple. The BODs shall appoint the chairperson of each committee.
Section 1 Temple Executive Committee The Abbot shall be the chairperson of the Temple Executive Committee (TEC), members of which include the President, Treasurer and Secretary of the Board. This committee shall handle the responsibilities of the Board between Board meetings and shall make decisions and take actions in extreme cases when the Board cannot meet. Officers and those designated by a majority vote of the Board shall be members of the TEC. There shall be no more the six members of the TEC. A quorum of the TEC shall be two-thirds of its members. Minutes shall be taken at all TEC meetings, and all actions of the TEC shall be reported to and ratified by the full Board at the next Board meeting, and entered into the minutes as such.
Section 2 Standing Committees Appointments The Board may establish, with the approval of a majority of the BODs, such standing committees, and appoint the chairperson thereof, as are needed to assist and advise the BODs. All committees are subject to review by the BODs. Other Ad Hoc committees may be established under the direction of the BODs. The following are the standing committees.
I. Governance: The responsibilities of the Governance Committee include, but are not limited to, overseeing the process of nominating officers and Board members, filling interim Board vacancies, monitoring the contribution and participation of Board members, recommending changes in the Committee structure of the Board, recommending revisions to the ByLaws, preparing the agenda for the Annual Meeting, developing annual and long-range plans and maintaining a process to ensure that the Temple is in compliance with all federal and state laws.
II. Finance: The Finance Committee shall be composed of the Abbot, the President, the Treasurer, and members with a strong finance background. This committee shall support Temple activities to promote the understanding and practice of Zen Buddhism in the USA, by building and managing funds for the sustenance of the Temple and the Abbot.
III. Membership Committee. The Membership Committee shall determine membership in the Temple. It shall be composed of the Abbot, the Spiritual Director and any other Board member, Sangha member needed to carry out the Committee’s work. The Committee will establish membership procedures, keep membership records, and accept applications for membership. Those interested in becoming members may apply directly to the Membership Committee.
IV. Ethics Committee. The Ethics Committee shall be composed of three individuals who include Zen practitioners from the wider Buddhist Sangha, chosen by Board vote, and shall not include the Abbot. The Ethics Committee shall be responsible for ensuring that the provisions of Article XI herein are implemented, and shall promulgate and publish all appropriate ethical guidelines to be followed in the work of the temple. The Ethics Committee shall at all times be informed by the need to ensure the integrity of relationships between the Purpose of the Temple stated in these Bylaws, and by responding to the needs and concerns of the members and the temple community.
V. Development/ Public Relations Committee. The Development/Public Relations Committee shall be composed of members with strong corporate and non-profit experience from the Temple. The committee members will assess needs and evaluate avenues for public relations and fundraising, including end-of-year and capital campaigns.
VI. The Facilities and Land Stewardship Committee: The Committee shall oversee environmental protection, and large-scale maintenance and business development for the Temple’s buildings, land and natural resources. The Treasurer and preferably Residents of Old Westbury shall be members of this committee.
The Board shall appoint an Advisory Council, made up of people who have an active interest in the Maha Temple, to advise the Board and serve on the Standing Committees.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROCESS/BOOKS/RECORDS/FISCAL YEAR
Section 1 Books and Records The Secretary of the Board shall keep the Internet-based repository of:
I. Copies of its current Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws;
II. Correct and accurate records of accounts and finances;
III. Minutes of the proceedings of its members and Board; and any minutes which may
IV. be maintained by committees of the board;
V. Records of the name, email address, home address and class, if applicable, of each Director and committee member, and of the name and post office address of each officer;
VI. Records of the name, email address, and home address of each member; and such other records as may be necessary or advisable.
Section 2 Accounting Year The accounting year of the temple shall be the twelve months ending December 31st.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST PROVISION
Whenever a BOD or officer has a financial or personal interest in any matter coming before the BODs, the affected person shall a) fully disclose the nature of the interest and b) withdraw from discussion, lobbying, and voting on the matter. Any transaction or vote involving a potential conflict of interest shall be approved only when a majority of disinterested directors determine that it is in the best interest of the corporation to do so. The minutes of meetings at which such votes are taken shall record such disclosure, abstention and rationale for approval.
BYLAWS ADOPTION AND AMENDMENT
These Bylaws may be altered, amended, or repealed and new Bylaws may be adopted by a two-thirds vote of the entire BODs. Proposed revisions must be sent to each board members one month in advance of the meeting at which the amendments will be voted on.
The Temple shall indemnify its Directors and Officers in the manner and to the full extent provided by the Not-for Profit-Corporation Law of the State of New York and, except as contrary to that law, may provide additional indemnification pursuant to separate agreement or amendment to these Bylaws.
The Abbot, the Board of Directors and the Officers of the Temple, and all members of the Maha temple shall at all times observe the highest ethical standards, as well as the civil and criminal codes in force, in performing their duties and functions. In particular, they shall conform to the ethical guidelines promulgated by the Board and the Ethics Committee.